PQA - Measuing the personal qualities and abilities of aspiring health professionals

PQA Publications

Adam, J., Bore, M., Childs, R., Dunn, J., McKendree, J., Munro, D., & Powis, D. (2015). Predictors of professional behaviour and academic outcomes in a UK medical school: A longitudinal cohort study. Medical Teacher, Early online, 1-13. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2015.1009023

Pitt, V., Powis, D., Levett-Jones, T., & Hunter, S. (2015). The influence of critical thinking skills on performance and progression in a pre-registration nursing program. Nurse Education Today, 35(1), 125-131. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.08.006

Munro, D., Powis, D., & Bore, M. R. (2014). Predicting Empathy in Medicals Students and Doctors. In K. Pavlovich & K. Krahnke (Eds.), Organizing Through Empathy (pp. 147-165). New York: Routledge. ISBN: 1135014337

Fukui, Y., Noda, S., Okada, M., Mihara, N., Kawakami, Y., Bore, M., . . . Powis, D. (2014). Trial Use of the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) in the Entrance Examination of a Japanese Medical University: Similarities to the Results in Western Countries. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 26(4), 357-363. doi: 10.1080/10401334.2014.945029

Pitt, V., Powis, D., Levett-Jones, T., & Hunter, S. (2014). Nursing students' personal qualities: a descriptive study. Nurse Education Today, 34(9), 1196-1200. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.05.004

Pitt, V., Powis, D., Levett-Jones, T., & Hunter, S. (2013). Can an existing personal qualities measure be used to examine nursing students' professional and personal attributes? Focus on Health Professional Education: A Multi-disciplinary Journal, 15(2), 41-54.Click here for abstract

Pitt, V., Levett-Jones, T., Hunter, S., & Powis, D. (2013). The influence of personal qualities on performance and progression in a pre-registration nursing programme. Nurse Education Today, 34(5), 866-871. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.10.011

Nedjat, S., Bore, M., Majdzadeh, R., Rashidian, A., Munro, D., Powis, D., . . . Keshavarz, H. (2013). Comparing the cognitive, personality and moral characteristics of high school and graduate medical entrants to the Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Medical Teacher, 35(12), e1632-e1637. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.826791

Hurwitz, S., Kelly, B., Powis, D., Smyth, R., & Lewin, T. (2013). The desirable qualities of future doctors - A study of medical student perceptions. Medical Teacher, 35(7), e1332-e1339. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.770130

Tsou, K. I., Lin, C. S., Cho, S. L., Powis, D., Bore, M., Munro, D., . . . Lin, C. H. (2013). Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 36(2), 174-190. doi: 10.1177/0163278712454138

Adam, J., Bore, M. R., McKendree, J., Munro, D., & Powis, D. A. (2012). Can personal qualities of medical students predict in-course examination success and professional behaviour? An exploratory prospective cohort study. BMC Medical Education, 12, 69. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-12-69

Pitt, V. L., Powis, D. A., Levett-Jones, T. L., & Hunter, S. (2012). Factors influencing nursing students' academic and clinical performance and attrition: An integrative literature review. Nurse Education Today, 32(8), 903-913. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.04.011

Dowell, J., Lumsden, M. A., Powis, D. A., Munro, D., Bore, M. R., Makubate, B., & Kumwenda, B. (2011). Predictive validity of the personal qualities assessment for selection of medical students in Scotland. Medical Teacher, 33(9), e485-e488. doi: 10.3109/0142159x.2011.599448

Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Powis, D. A. (2009). A comprehensive model for the selection of medical students. Medical Teacher, 31(12), 1066-1072. doi: 10.3109/01421590903095510

Bore, M. R. (2008). The Psychology of Morality: Libertarian and Communitarian Moral Orientations and a Dissonance Model of Moral Decision Making. Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM Publishing. ISDN 978-3-639-09153-3.

Bore, M., Ashley-Brown, G. M., Gallagher, E., & Powis, D. (2008). Personality and the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in medicine and psychology students. In S. Boag (Ed.), Personality Down Under: Perspectives from Australia (pp. 158-165). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60456-794-6

Munro, D., Bore, M. R., & Powis, D. A. (2008). Personality determinants of success in medical school & beyond: 'Steady, sane and nice'. In S. Boag (Ed.), In Personality Down Under: Perspectives from Australia (pp. 103-111). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60456-794-6

MacDonald, C., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2008). Values in action scale and the Big 5: An empirical indication of structure. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(4), 787-799. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.003

Gibbons, J. L., Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Powis, D. A. (2007). Using personal quality assessment for selection of social work students. Australian Social Work, 60(2), 210-221. doi: 10.1080/03124070701323832

Wright, B., Scott, I., Powis, D. A., Woloschuk, W., Henry, R., Turnbull, D., & Ryan, G. (2006). Career preferences of new medical students at four Australian universities: Rural family medicine versus the rest. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 14, 229-230. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2006.00814.x

Lyons, M. J., Mackenzie, L. A., Bore, M. R., & Powis, D. A. (2006). Framing a set of non-academic selection criteria for occupational therapy students: An Australian study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 53(4), 284-292. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2006.00591.x

Powis, D. A., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2006). Selecting medical students - Evidence based admissions procedures for medical students are being tested (letter). British Medical Journal, 332(7550), 1156. doi: 10.1136/bmj.332.7550.115

Powis, D. A., Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Lumsden, M. A. (2005). Development of the Personal Qualities Assessment as a Tool for Selecting Medical Students. Journal of Adult & Continuing Education, 11(1), 3-14. doi: 10.7227/JACE.11.1.2

Munro, D., Bore, M. R., & Powis, D. A. (2005). Personality factors in professional ethical behaviour: Studies of empathy and narcissism. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57(1), 49-60. doi: 10.1080/00049530412331283453

Bore, M. R., Munro, D., Kerridge, I., & Powis, D. A. (2005). Not moral reasoning: A Libertarian - Communitarian dimension of moral orientation adn Schwartz's value types. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57(1), 38-48. doi: 10.1080/00049530412331283462

Lumsden, M. A., Bore, M. R., Millar, K., Jack, R., & Powis, D. A. (2005). Assessment of personal qualities in relation to admission to medical school. Medical Education, 39(3), 258-265. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02087.x

Bore, M. R., Munro, D., Kerridge, I., & Powis, D. A. (2005). Selection of medical students according to their moral orientation. Medical Education, 39(3), 266-275. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02088.x

Bore, M. R., Lyall, D. G., Dempsey, S. E., & Powis, D. A. (2005). Assessment of Personal Qualities in Selection of Medical Radiation Science Students. Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology, 33(3), 180-185. doi: Click here for abstract

Lowe, M., Kerridge, I., Bore, M., Munro, D., & Powis, D. A. (2001). Is possible to assess the 'ethics' of medical school applicants? Journal of Medical Ethics, 27, 404-408. doi: 10.1136/jme.27.6.404


Other Relevant Publications

Powis, D. (2015). Selecting medical students: An unresolved challenge. Medical Teacher, 37(3), 252-260. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2014.993600

Prideaux, D., Roberts, C., Eva, K., Centeno, A., McCrorie, P., McManus, C., . . . Wilkinson, D. (2011). Assessment for selection for the health care professions and specialty training: Consensus statement and recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 Conference. Medical Teacher, 33(3), 215-223. doi: 10.3109/0142159x.2011.551560

McManus, I. C., Ferguson, E., Wakeford, R., Powis, D. A., & James, D. (2011). Response to comments by Emery and Bell. Medical Teacher, 33(1), 60-61. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.547064

McManus, I. C., Ferguson, E., Wakeford, R., Powis, D. A., & James, D. (2011). Predictive validity of the Biomedical Admissions Test: An evaluation and case study. Medical Teacher, 33(1), 53-57. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2010.525267

Powis, D. A. (2010). Improving the selection of medical students. British Medical Journal, 340, c708. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c708

Powis, D. A. (2009). Personality testing in the context of selecting health professionals. Medical Teacher, 31(12), 1045-1046. doi: 10.3109/01421590903390601

James, D., Ferguson, E., Powis, D. A., Bore, M. R., Munro, D., Symonds, I. M., & Yates, J. (2009). Graduate entry to medicine: Widening psychological diversity. BMC Medical Education, 9(67), 1-8. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-9-67

Powis, D. A. (2008). Selecting medical students. Medical Journal of Australia, 188(6), 323-324.

Powis, D. A. (2008). Selecting medical students - Reply. Medical Journal of Australian, 189(4), 236-236.

James, D., Feguson, E., Powis, D. A., Symonds, I., & Yates, J. (2008). Graduate entry to medicine: Widening academic and socio-demographic access. Medical Education, 42, 294-300. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2008.03006.x

Powis, D. A., Hamilton, J., & McManus, I. C. (2007). Widening access by changing the criteria for selecting medical students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23(8), 1235-1245. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2007.06.001

Powis, D. A., James, D., & Ferguson, E. (2007). Demographic and socio-economic associations with academic attainment (UCAS tariff scores) in applicants to medical school. Medical Education, 41(3), 242-249. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02683.x

McManus, C., & Powis, D. A. (2007). Testing medical school selection tests (Editorial). Medical Journal of Australia, 186(3), 118-119.

McManus, C., Powis, D., Wakeford, R., Ferguson, E., James, D., & Richards, P. (2005). Intellectual aptitude tests and A levels for selecting UK school leaver entrants for medical school. British Medical Journal, 331, 555-560. doi: 10.1136/bmj.331.7516.555

Powis, D. (2004, Dec). Choosing the best: a continuing challenge. Paper presented at the 2nd Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference, Singapore.

James, D., Ferguson, E., Powis, D., Bore, M., Munro, D., Symonds, I., & James, B. (2004, Jul). Selection for medical school Ð do we really use both academic and non-academic criteria? Paper presented at the UK Conference on Graduate Entry Medicine, Derby, England.

James, D., Ferguson, E., Powis, D., Bore, M., Munro, D., Symonds, I., & James, B. (2004, Jul). Selection for medical school Ð how much more diversity do graduates bring compared to school leavers? Paper presented at the UK Conference on Graduate Entry Medicine, Derby, England.

McManus, I. C., Powis, D. A., Wakeford, R., Ferguson, E., James, D., & Richards, P. (2005). Intellectual aptitude tests and A levels for selecting UK school leaver entrants for medical school. British Medical Journal, 331(7516), 555-559. doi: 10.1136/bmj.331.7516.555

Powis, D. A., Hamilton, J., & Gordon, J. (2004). Are graduate entry programmes the answer to recruiting and selecting tomorrow's doctors? Medical Education, 38, 1147-1153. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01986.x

Powis, D. A. (2003). Selecting Medical Students. Medical Education, 37, 1064-1065.

Powis, D., Marley, J. E., & Murphy, L. B. (2002). Selecting medical students (e-letter to editor). British Medical Journal, http://bmj.com/cgi/eletters/324/7347/1170.

Kay, F., Pearson, S. & Rolfe, I. E. (2002). The influence of admission variables on first year medical school performance: a study from Newcastle University. Medical Education, 36(2), 154-159. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2002.01071.x

Pearson, S-A., Rolfe, I. E., Ringland, C. & Kay-Lambkin, F. (2002). A comparison of the long term practice outcomes of graduates from a traditional and non-traditional medical school on Australia. Medical Education, 36, 985-991.

Grey, M. R., Pearson, S. A., Rolfe, I. E., Kay, F. J., & Powis, D. A. (2001). How do Australian Doctors with Different Pre-medical School Backgrounds Perform as Interns? Education for Health, 14(1), 87-96.

Powis, D. (1999). Superior Selection System (letter to editor). Australian Medicine, 7, 6-7.

Powis, D. (1999). Choosing Tomorrow's Doctors (book review). Education for Health, 12, 120-121.

Powis, D., & Rolfe, I. (1998). An evidence-based admissions process at Newcastle (New South Wales) medical schoo. Education for Health, 11, 409-412.

Powis, D. (1998). Should medical school selection include an aptitude test or interview? Australian Medicine, 18, 10-11.

Powis, D. A., & Rolfe, I. (1998). Selection and Performance of Medical Students at Newcastle, New South Wales. Education for Health, 11(1), 15-23.

Powis, D. A. (1998). How to do it: Select medical students. British Medical Journal, 317(7166), 1149-1150.

Powis, D., & Bristow, T. (1997). Selection of medical students at Newcastle. In R. Henry,K. Byrne & C. E. Engel (Eds.), Imperatives in Medical Education - The Newcastle Approach (pp. 236-248). Newcastle, NSW: University press.

Powis, D. A., & Bristow, T. (1997). Top school marks don't necessarily make top medical students. Medical Journal of Australia, 166(11), 613-613.

Rolfe, I. E., Pearson, S., Powis, D. A., & Smith, A. J. (1995). Time for a review of admission to medical school? Lancet, 346(8986), 1329-1333. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(95)92344-6

Powis, D. A. (1994). Selecting medical students. Medical Education, 28(5), 443-469.

Powis, D. A., & Bristow, T. (1993). Improving Access to Medical Courses in Australia for Students from Geographically Isolated Areas. Medical Journal of Australia, 159(6), 429-429.

Powis, D. A., Waring, T. C., Bristow, T., & O'Connell, D. L. (1992). The structured interview as a tool for predicting premature withdrawal from medical school. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 22(6), 692-698.

Powis, D., McManus, C., & D., C-H. (1992). Selection of medical students: philosophic, political, social and educational bases. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 4, 25-34. doi: 10.1080/10401339209539530

Neame, R. L., Powis, D. A., & Bristow, T. (1992). Should medical students be selected only from recent school-leavers who have studied science? Medical Education, 26(6), 433-440.

Smith, A. J., & Powis, D. (1989). The politics of the sand-pit (letter to editor). Medical Journal of Australia, 150(9), 543-544.

Powis, D. A., Neame, R. L. B., Bristow, T., & Murphy, L. B. (1988). Interview for Medical-Student Selection - Reply. British Medical Journal, 296(6631), 1261-1261.

Powis, D. A., Neame, R. L., Bristow, T., & Murphy, L. B. (1988). The objective structured interview for medical student selection. British Medical Journal (Clin Res Ed), 296(6624), 765-768.

Feletti, G.I., Sanson-Fisher, R.W. & Vidler, M. (1985). Evaluating a new approach to selecting medical students. Medical Education, 19, 276-284.

Vinson, T., Cooney, G. & Turnbull, J. (1979). Admission to medical school: The Newcastle experiment. Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 16, 70-87.


Relevant Non-PQA Publications

Prowse, E., Bore, M., & Dyer, S. (2013). Eating disorder symptomatology, body image, and mindfulness: Findings in a non-clinical sample. Clinical Psychologist, 17(2), 77-87. doi: 10.1111/cp.12008

James, C. G., Bore, M. R., & Zito, S. (2012). Emotional intelligence and personality as predictors of psychological well-being. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 30(4), 425-438. doi: 10.1177/0734282912449448

Houlcroft, L. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2012). Three faces of Narcissism. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(3), 274-278. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.03.036

Douglas, H. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2012). Construct validity of a two-factor model of psychopathy. Psychology, 3(3), 243-248. doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.33034

Douglas, H. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2012). Distinguishing the dark triad: Evidence from the five-factor model and the Hogan Development Survey. Psychology, 3(3), 237-242. doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.33033

Stevens, S. M., & Bore, M. R. (2011, Oct). The mental health and illness of medicine and psychology students. Paper presented at the 46th Annual Australian Psychological Society Conference, Canberra, ACT.

Prowse, E. S., Bore, M. R., & Dyer, S. C. (2011, Dec). The relationship between eating disorder symptoms and mindfulness and their influence on body image, identity, personality and quality of life in psychology students. Paper presented at the 2010 Society for Psychotherapy Research. Australian Regional Group Meeting, Newcastle, NSW.

Munro, I. A., Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Garg, M. L. (2011). Using personality as a predictor of diet induced weight loss and weight management. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(129). doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-129

MacDonald, C., Munro, D., & Bore, M. R. (2011, Dec). Value clusters and the five factor model. Paper presented at the 2011 Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Hobart, Tasmania.

Houlcroft, L. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2011, Dec). The three faces of narcissism. Paper presented at the 2011 Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Hobart, Tasmania.

Houlcroft, L. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2011, Dec). The dynamic ego-defence model of narcissism. Paper presented at the 2011 Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Hobart, Tasmania.

Douglas, H. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2011, Dec). The five factor theory of personality: An empirical investigation. Paper presented at the 2011 Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Hobart, Tasmania.

Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Powis, D. A. (2011, Dec). The adapted positive personality: Involved, resilient and self-controlled. Paper presented at the Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Hobart, Tasmania.

Bore, M. R., Apostolatos, P., Prowse, E. S., Stevens, S. M., & James, C. G. (2011, Oct). Why are they not flourishing: Late adolescence, emerging adulthood or excessive demands and uncertainty? Paper presented at the 46th Annual Australian Psychological Society Conference, Canberra, ACT.

Apostolatos, P., & Bore, M. R. (2011, Aug). Normal within themselves: Axis II symptoms in first year psychology students. Paper presented at the 12th International Mental Health Conference, Gold Coast, QLD.

Apostolatos, P., & Bore, M. R. (2011, Aug). Out there: Personality and personality disorder predictors. Paper presented at the 12th International Mental Health Conference, Gold Coast, QLD.

Prowse, E. S., Bore, M. R., & Dyer, S. C. (2010, Dec). The relationship between eating disorder symptoms and mindfulness and their influence on body image, identity, personality and quality of life. Paper presented at the Society for Psychotherapy Research. Australian Regional Group Meeting, Newcastle, NSW.

Munro, I. A., Munro, D., Bore, M. R., & Garg, M. L. (2010, Nov). Personality as a prediciton of successful weight loss. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, Perth, WA.

Munro, I. A., Munro, D., & Bore, M. R. (2010, Dec). Personality and dieting success. Paper presented at the 8th Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Wollongong, NSW.

Munro, I. A., Bore, M. R., Munro, D., & Garg, M. L. (2010, Nov). Personality as a predictor of diet induced weight loss and weight management. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, Perth, WA.

Davenport, J., Bore, M. R., & Campbell, J. (2010). Changes in personality in pre- and post-dialectical behaviour therapy borderline personality disorder groups: A question of self-control. Australian Psychologist, 45(1), 59-66. doi: 10.1080/00050060903280512

Ayre, M., Loughland, C. M., Bore, M. R., & Baker, A. L. (2010, Apr). The relationship between social problem-solving and emotional regulation in people with schizophrenia. Paper presented at the 2nd Conference of the Schizophrenia-International-Research-Society, Florence, Italy.

Douglas, H. E., Bore, M. R., & Munro, D. (2009, Nov). Integrating adaptive and pathological traits: The role of the Dark Triad. Paper presented at the 8th Australasian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Sydney, NSW.

Bridge, P. C., & Bore, M. R. (2009, Nov). Personality and the Keyes and Lopez (2002) Complete State Model of mental health. Paper presented at the 8th Australasian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Sydney, NSW.

Bore, M. R., James, C. G., & Zito, S. (2009, Sep). The big five personality domains and mental illness: Consequential outcome or extended dimensions of the same underlying constructs? Paper presented at the 44th Annual Conference of the Australian Psychological Society, Darwin, NT.

Sutton, K. J., Heathcote, A. J., & Bore, M. R. (2005, Nov). Implementing a web-based measurement of 3D understanding. Paper presented at the 19th Conference of the Computer-Human Interaction Special Interest Group (CHISIG) of Australia, Canberra, ACT.

Cross, B. M., Heathcote, A. J., Bore, M. R., & Ferres, N. (2003, Sep). Arming our forces with EQ - The secret weapon of transformational leaders in the Singaporean Armed Forces. Paper presented at the First International Conference on Contemporary Management: Emotional Intelligence in Organizations, Adelaide, SA.